The Original Design Star of Sophia

 

          

 

                                              

Merriam-Webster Definitions for the above Terms:

[Bolding, Italicization. and Underlining of selected words below done by  TTW

to highlight relationships of meaning within the 'Star of Sophia'. Otherwise unchanged.]

           Specious:       

One entry found for specious.

Main Entry: spe·cious
Pronunciation: 'spE-sh&s
Function: adjective
Etymology: Middle English, visually pleasing, from Latin speciosus beautiful, plausible, from species
Date: 1513
1 obsolete : SHOWY
2 : having deceptive attraction or allure
3 : having a false look of truth or genuineness : SOPHISTIC

     Sophist:  

One entry found for sophist.

Main Entry: soph·ist
Pronunciation: 'sä-fist
Function: noun
Etymology: Latin sophista, from Greek sophistEs, literally, expert, wise man, from sophizesthai to become wise, deceive, from sophos clever, wise
Date: 1542
1 capitalized : any of a class of ancient Greek teachers of rhetoric, philosophy, and the art of successful living prominent about the middle of the 5th century B.C. for their adroit subtle and allegedly often specious reasoning
2 : PHILOSOPHER, THINKER
3 : a captious or fallacious reasoner

    Sophism:

One entry found for sophism.

Main Entry: soph·ism
Pronunciation: 'sä-"fi-z&m
Function: noun
Date: 15th century
1 : an argument apparently correct in form but actually invalid; especially : such an argument used to deceive
2 : SOPHISTRY 1

  Sophistry: 

One entry found for sophistry.

Main Entry: soph·ist·ry
Pronunciation: 'sä-f&-strE
Function: noun
Date: 14th century
1 : subtly deceptive reasoning or argumentation
2 : SOPHISM 1

(Sophistic:)

One entry found for sophistic.

Main Entry: so·phis·tic
Pronunciation: sä-'fis-tik, s&-
Variant(s): or so·phis·ti·cal /-ti-k&l/
Function: adjective
Date: 15th century
1 : of or relating to sophists , sophistry, or the ancient Sophists <sophistic rhetoric> <sophistic subtleties>
2 : plausible but fallacious <sophistic reasoning>
- so·phis·ti·cal·ly /-ti-k(&-)lE/ adverb

Reasonable:

One entry found for reasonable.

Main Entry: rea·son·able
Pronunciation: 'rEz-n&-b&l, 'rE-z&n-&-b&l
Function: adjective
Date: 14th century
1 a : being in accordance with reason <a reasonable theory> b : not extreme or excessive <reasonable requests> c : MODERATE, FAIR <a reasonable chance> <a reasonable price> d : INEXPENSIVE
2 a : having the faculty of reason b : possessing sound judgment
- rea·son·abil·i·ty /"rEz-n&-'bi-l&-tE, "rE-z&n-&-/ noun
- rea·son·able·ness /'rEz-n&-b&l-n&s, 'rE-z&n-&-/ noun
- rea·son·ably /-blE/ adverb

(Reason:)

4 entries found for reason.
To select an entry, click on it.
 

Main Entry: 1rea·son
Pronunciation: 'rE-z&n
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English resoun, from Old French raison, from Latin ration-, ratio reason, computation, from reri to calculate, think; probably akin to Gothic rathjo account, explanation
Date: 13th century
1 a : a statement offered in explanation or justification <gave reasons that were quite satisfactory> b : a rational ground or motive <a good reason to act soon> c : a sufficient ground of explanation or of logical defense; especially : something (as a principle or law) that supports a conclusion or explains a fact <the reasons behind her client's action> d : the thing that makes some fact intelligible : CAUSE <the reason for earthquakes> <the real reason why he wanted me to stay -- Graham Greene>
2 a (1) : the power of comprehending, inferring, or thinking especially in orderly rational ways : INTELLIGENCE (2) : proper exercise of the mind (3) : SANITY b : the sum of the intellectual powers
3 archaic : treatment that affords satisfaction
- in reason : RIGHTLY, JUSTIFIABLY
- within reason : within reasonable limits
- with reason : with good cause

Rational:

4 entries found for rational.
To select an entry, click on it.
 

Main Entry: 1ra·tio·nal
Pronunciation: 'rash-n&l, 'ra-sh&-n&l
Function: adjective
Etymology: Middle English racional, from Latin rationalis, from ration-, ratio
Date: 14th century
1 a : having reason or understanding b : relating to, based on, or agreeable to reason : REASONABLE <a rational explanation> <rational behavior>
2 : involving only multiplication, division, addition, and subtraction and only a finite number of times
3 : relating to, consisting of, or being one or more rational numbers <a rational root of an equation>
- ra·tio·nal·ly adverb
- ra·tio·nal·ness noun

Plausible:

One entry found for plausible.

Main Entry: plau·si·ble
Pronunciation: 'plo-z&-b&l
Function: adjective
Etymology: Latin plausibilis worthy of applause, from plausus, past participle of plaudere
Date: 1565
1 : superficially fair, reasonable, or valuable but often specious <a plausible pretext>
2 : superficially pleasing or persuasive <a swindler..., then a quack, then a smooth, plausible gentleman -- R. W. Emerson>
3 : appearing worthy of belief <the argument was both powerful and plausible>
- plau·si·ble·ness noun
- plau·si·bly /-blE/ adverb

Logical:

2 entries found for logical.
To select an entry, click on it.
 

Main Entry: log·i·cal
Pronunciation: 'lä-ji-k&l
Function: adjective
Date: 15th century
1 a (1) : of, relating to, involving, or being in accordance with logic (2) : skilled in logic b : formally true or valid : ANALYTIC, DEDUCTIVE
2 : capable of reasoning or of using reason in an orderly cogent fashion <a logical thinker>
- log·i·cal·i·ty /"lä-j&-'ka-l&-tE/ noun
- log·i·cal·ly /'lä-ji-k(&-)lE/ adverb
- log·i·cal·ness /-k&l-n&s/ noun

(Logic:)

4 entries found for logic.
To select an entry, click on it.
 

Main Entry: log·ic
Pronunciation: 'lä-jik
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English logik, from Middle French logique, from Latin logica, from Greek logikE, from feminine of logikos of reason, from logos reason -- more at LEGEND
Date: 12th century
1 a (1) : a science that deals with the principles and criteria of validity of inference and demonstration : the science of the formal principles of reasoning (2) : a branch or variety of logic <modal logic> <Boolean logic> (3) : a branch of semiotic; especially : SYNTACTICS (4) : the formal principles of a branch of knowledge b (1) : a particular mode of reasoning viewed as valid or faulty (2) : RELEVANCE, PROPRIETY c : interrelation or sequence of facts or events when seen as inevitable or predictable d : the arrangement of circuit elements (as in a computer) needed for computation; also : the circuits themselves
2 : something that forces a decision apart from or in opposition to reason <the logic of war>
- lo·gi·cian /lO-'ji-sh&n/ noun

 

 

 

 

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